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Helpful Terms to Know 

alphabetic principle

The understanding that written letters represent sounds. For example, the word big has three sounds and three letters.


Includes all the activities involved in speaking, listening, reading, writing, and appreciating both spoken and written language.


Putting together individual sounds to make spoken words

phonological awareness

The understanding that spoken language is made up of individual and separate sounds. Phonological awareness activities can involve work with rhymes, words, sentences, syllables, and phonemes (individual sounds in words) 


The ability to understand and gain meaning from what has been read


Taking spoken words apart sound by sound.

sight words 

The ability to read text accurately and quickly and with expression and comprehension

Words that a reader recognizes without having to sound them out. Some sight words are “irregular,” or have letter-sound relationships that are uncommon. Some examples of sight words are you, are, have, and said.

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